Stages Of Building A House
Building a house can seem like an insurmountable task. Every step feels like you are walking through a minefield, from picking out your perfect location to finding the right architect and contractor. However, breaking down the process into little pieces can help you understand what is coming and make it easier for you to be prepared.
In the following blog, we will walk you through these stages so that you can have a better understanding of what it takes to build a house.
Different Stages Of Constructing A House
- Site preparation
Site preparation is the first step of building a house. It's essential to ensure that you have the correct permits in place and your site is level and ready for construction.
To build a home on a piece of property, it must first be surveyed and then have its soil tested. The surveying process helps the builder determine the capacity of the land beneath, plan the construction accordingly and devise an architectural design, and how best to orient the home based on sunlight and wind.
Soil testing determines if any soil issues need to be corrected before the building begins. The next step is to remove any brush or trees from the property that will interfere with construction. In short, the site preparation step includes.
- Removing trees or any other obstacles.
- Clearing of brush.
- Erosion control measures
- Grading to create a level base for construction
The foundation of your home, while it may seem like one of the least glamorous aspects of building a house, is actually one of the most essential parts of your entire home's construction. It will provide the basic structure that supports all the walls and floors of your house.
- Make sure your foundation is level. This can be difficult for even experienced builders—but luckily, some tools can help. If you are not ready to purchase equipment yet, try using a level or carpenter's square to check for plumb from time to time as you work.
- Find out how deep your foundation should be by contacting your local building department and asking them their requirements for your area. For example, if there's a lot of water in the ground around where you're building (or if there's just a high chance for it to come up), they may require that the bottom of your foundation is at least six inches above grade level.
- Make sure your concrete forms are strong enough to hold up under pressure from pouring itself when it dries. You can buy these supports at most hardware stores or online; ask your contractor for more information about which type will work.
In framing, the structure of the house is created. It involves erecting walls, adding windows and doors, and adding any other openings. So in framing, you are making sure that your building can stand.
It is crucial to ensure that your calculations are correct when you frame a house. If there are mistakes during this process, it could lead to an unstable structure that will need to be repaired or even torn down.
One of the essential parts of construction is that roofing is as much an art as a science. A roofer's work is to protect your house from the elements by building and maintaining a structure that can withstand all kinds of weather and keep the inside of the house dry and free of leaks.
Painting, tiling, flooring, and landscaping are all part of what makes a house feel like home, and they're all part of external finishing.
External finishing happens after the roof is built and the windows and doors have been installed.
- The exterior walls of the house are insulated and sheathed.
- Theroof has shingles, gutters put on, and soffits installed.
- Finally, this is when the trim around your windows is put in place.
Painting your home's exterior can be done before or after these other steps have been completed; it depends on the weather and how long you plan to let the paint dry before moving further along with construction.
Rough ins in construction is a process of installing electrical, plumbing and mechanical systems into a property before walls and floors are constructed or completely insulated.
Rough-in takes place after the foundation is poured and the framing has been completed, but before the insulation is installed. It is called rough-in because it's about as raw as you can get—it's just getting everything installed as quickly as possible without paying much attention to aesthetics or functionality.
- The electrical rough-in part involves running wiring through walls, installing outlets and light switches, connecting breaker boxes, hooking up smoke detectors, and installing any other required electrical components.
- The plumbing rough-in part involves installing all pipes that will connect sinks, tubs, showers, toilets, dishwashers, washers/dryers, etc.
The process of interior finishing in a home construction project is a multi-step process that involves installing and finishing walls and ceilings, laying flooring, and installing doors and trim.
Interior finishing is when all drywall is put up, all of the seams are taped and sanded, and each wall is primed and painted. The ceilings and walls are done simultaneously to prevent any damage to newly finished walls from paint drips. Any texturing of the walls or ceilings will also be done now.
If you have any other finishes on your walls—like wallpaper—now is when those will be put up. In the building process, it is important to check that all of your windows and doors fit properly before they are trimmed out.
Your floors will be installed after your interior finishes are complete (including any tile or carpeting). After this, your cabinets will be installed, and any countertops you have chosen. Your final fixtures (such as bathroom sinks) will also be placed.
Fixtures, fitting, and equipment
It is only after all of the structural elements of a house have been built that it begins to take shape as a home. Therefore, the first order of business is creating the framework that will support all of the fixtures, fittings, and equipment (FF&E) required to turn your house into a home.
FFE is the final stage and simple stage of a house construction process. It involves installing any additional equipment like water heaters, fitting lights, fans, and taps, and a final check of doors, knobs, and windows, and fixing if there are any issues.
Turning over the keys to a newly-built home can be exciting for everyone involved. It's the culmination of months of hard work, planning, time, money, and energy investment.
But before you hand over those keys, you need to make sure that every final detail is in place. There are some key components that you need to check to ensure that your client will be happy with the finished project.
Talk to our Experts
Constructing a house is a monumental endeavour involving many specialized steps. Beyond the obvious, such as laying the foundation, erecting walls, and installing utilities, several subtle stages of construction are less commonly known but equally important.
We hope you enjoyed our brief overview of the stages of construction for a new house. Remember, every builder will have their unique processes for planning and constructing a new home, so be sure to work with one you feel comfortable with and who will communicate openly with you about any changes to the plan. You must find a builder who can offer you what you want.
Housing Factory is precisely the kind of construction partner you have been looking for. Building the home of your dreams is closer than you think. Contact Housing Factory to get started.
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